Poliimid PCB Vs. FR4 PCB'si: Fark ne?

Will, elektronik bileşenler konusunda uzmandır, PCB üretim süreci ve montaj teknolojisi, ve üretim gözetimi ve kalite kontrolünde geniş deneyime sahiptir. Kaliteyi sağlama öncülünde, Will, müşterilerine en etkili üretim çözümlerini sunar.
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Poliimid PCB Vs. FR4 PCB_ Fark Nedir_ Nasıl Seçilir_

Polyimide PCB and FR4 PCB'si are two of the most prevalent used PCB types. Her ikisi de PCB'ler için çok uygun polimer substratlar olmasına rağmen, Polyimide and FR4 each possess their own distinct characteristics that make them more appropriate for certain settings over others. Çok sayıda iç katman varsa termal iletkenlik azalır ve bunun tersi de geçerlidir., we explain their key differences and provide insights on how to choose between them. okumaya devam edelim.

Differences between Polyimide PCB and FR4 PCB

  1. Copper Types

Most FR4 boards use electrodeposited copper foils with a vertical grain structure optimized for rigid boards. Polyimides more commonly use rolled annealed copper designed specifically to withstand repeated flexion without metal fatigue or cracking. The orientation of the copper grain also matches the flexing axis for maximum durability.

  1. İnşaat

FR4 is made up of epoxy resin, layers of woven fiberglass, and copper. The number of fiberglass layers determines the overall thickness. The fibers are saturated with epoxy then cured with the copper layers under heat and pressure to form the rigid board. Tersine, polyimide boards contain only polyimide plastic polymer and copper. The polyimide is cast onto the copper foils in liquid form, then fully cured to a solid, flexible state.

construction of FR4 and Polyimide

  1. Thickness Ranges

The fiberglass reinforcement limits how thin FR4 can be manufactured. Common thicknesses range from 2 mil 125 mil. Without fiberglass, polyimides can made as thin films from 1/2 mil to 3 mils thick. This allows extremely thin, flexible constructions ideal for dynamic flexing applications.

  1. Esneklik

Polyimide boards are highly flexible, which makes them suitable for applications requiring repeated bending or shaping to fit specific spaces. Their extreme flexibility allows complex geometries impossible to achieve with traditionally rigid FR4 boards. Mobility is improved and installation inside products with space constraints becomes simpler compared to FR4.

  1. Nem emilimi

Epoxy-based FR4 absorbs very little environmental moisture, etrafında 0.2-0.5% of total weight. Tersine, polyimide can absorb up to 2% moisture by weight. This does not impact the performance of polyimide circuits, but absorbed moisture must be removed by a baking process before assembly to prevent damage from rapid steam expansion and delamination issues during soldering operations.

  1. Heat Tolerance

Polyimide has a far higher maximum operating temperature than FR4, rated for continuous use up to 300°C. It resists heat degradation better over time. This means polyimide boards survive long-term in hot environments. The thermal conductivity is also double that of standard glass-reinforced boards.

daha fazla okuma: FR4 Termal İletkenliğine İlişkin Kapsamlı Bir Kılavuz

  1. Kimyasal direnç

In addition to heat performance, polyimide boards provide corrosion and chemical resistance superior to FR4. Their robust polymer matrix protects against fuels, oils, solvents for considerably longer time periods. Without susceptible components like epoxy or glass fibers, polyimide stands up to more concentrated chemical solutions without degrading.

  1. Durability Under Stress

Vibration resistance and tensile strength are significantly higher in polyimide boards. Flexibility prevents fractures from physical shocks that compromise the integrity of rigid epoxy glass boards. Polyimide better maintains mechanical and electrical reliability over thousands of bend cycles as well as continuous vibration.

The following table lists some specific data to more clearly compare the differences between FR4 PCB and Polyimide PCB:

PCB Çeşitleri Özellikler FR4 PCB'si poliimid PCB
Termal iletkenlik 0.25 W / mK 0.2 W / mK
Dielektrik sabiti (de 1 GHz) 4.25-4.55 ~3.4 to 3.8
Dağılma Faktörü (de 1 GHz) 0.016 0.003
Ark Direnci 125 saniye 143 saniye
Specific Gravity 1.8 - 1.9 1.3 için 1.4
Su soğurumu 0.2-0.5% 1-2%
Gerilme direnci 70-90 MPa 200-300 MPa
Glass Transient Temperature (Tg) 130-140°C >250°C

Polyimide PCB and FR4 PCB: Nasıl seçilir?

The choice between using an FR4 PCB versus a polyimide PCB depends primarily on the application and its specific requirements:

FR4 boards would be the better choice for:

  • Cost-sensitive applications where high durability is not required. FR4 is the cheaper option.
  • Low-frequency digital circuits that do not generate much heat. FR4 handles moderate temperatures up to about 100°C.
  • Rigid boards for products where flexibility is not needed. The fiberglass reinforcement makes FR4 boards dimensionally stable but not flex-friendly.

Polyimide boards would be preferable for:

  • Flexible/rigid-flex circuits that must dynamically bend during use. Polyimide PCB has outstanding flex life and fatigue resistance.

Know differences between flexible and rigid-flex PCB, read “Sert Flex PCB vs. Esnek PCB

  • High frequency analog circuits. Polyimide has a lower dielectric constant and loss for better signal integrity.
  • Extreme environment electronics exposed to high temps beyond 150°C. Polyimide survives over 250°C.
  • Products with reliability testing like vibration, şok, nem, or dust ingress. Polyimide boards are more robust.
  • Mission-critical electronics demanding the highest durability withthe least risk of failure. Aerospace and military favor polyimides.

Özünde, choose economical FR4 for basic interconnect applications without special requirements, while polyimides serve extreme demands needing maximum physical resilience and environmental resistance.

Son sözler

Evaluating the contrasts between these two materials in factors like heat tolerance, dayanıklılık, and mechanical strength is key when determining the optimal selection for an electronics project based on its particular demands and operating conditions. A thoughtful analysis of application specifications alongside Polyimide and FR4’s respective property profiles allows for an informed material call that caters to the unique objectives and constraints at play. With an understanding of the tradeoffs involved, engineers can feel confident specifying the PCB substratı that will best meet their needs and perform as intended within the target device or system.

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Will, elektronik bileşenler konusunda uzmandır, PCB üretim süreci ve montaj teknolojisi, ve üretim gözetimi ve kalite kontrolünde geniş deneyime sahiptir. Kaliteyi sağlama öncülünde, Will, müşterilerine en etkili üretim çözümlerini sunar.
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