When should I choose 2 layer PCB or 4 layer PCB?

Our brand was focused on common electronic product with single PCB. And this year, we plan to develop a smart range which may require multiple layer PCB. Want to know more about 2 layer PCB or 4 layer PCB.

2-layer PCB is enough to route any circuitry, at least in theory. One layer for vertical tracks, the other for horizontal tracks, connect them with via’s.

If you need route high-speed signals on the PCB, such as RF circuitry, switched-mode power supplies, and long digital buses, 4-layers are required. They are widely applied in modern datasheets, high-performance semiconductors, switched-mode PSU, heat-rejecting devices.

  • It can ensure the signal integrity, even though the return path for the signal currents is too long and the loop impedance is too high.
  • The radiated EMI will be steady so as to pass CE/FCC.
  • ensure that the device won’t emit too much radiation and would be robust against interference.

Price of a 4 layer PCB is roughly 3x-4x higher than that of a 2-layer one. However, most of the time 2 layer is not a viable option.

Read More: Should I Use Double Layer PCB or Single Layer PCB?

#PCB Design

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Oliver Smith

Oliver is an experienced electronics engineer skilled in PCB design, analog circuits, embedded systems, and prototyping. His deep knowledge spans schematic capture, firmware coding, simulation, layout, testing, and troubleshooting. Oliver excels at taking projects from concept to mass production using his electrical design talents and mechanical aptitude.
Picture of Oliver Smith

Oliver Smith

Oliver is an experienced electronics engineer skilled in PCB design, analog circuits, embedded systems, and prototyping. His deep knowledge spans schematic capture, firmware coding, simulation, layout, testing, and troubleshooting. Oliver excels at taking projects from concept to mass production using his electrical design talents and mechanical aptitude.

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