솔더 플럭스: 그것이 무엇이며 왜 필요한가요??

윌은 전자 부품에 능숙합니다., PCB 생산 공정 및 조립 기술, 생산 감독 및 품질 관리에 대한 광범위한 경험을 보유하고 있습니다.. 품질 확보를 전제로, Will은 고객에게 가장 효과적인 생산 솔루션을 제공합니다..
내용물

PCB 조립 공정에서, 납땜은 매우 중요한 단계입니다. 납땜을 통해, 전자 부품을 PCB 보드에 단단히 장착하여 전기 연결을 달성할 수 있습니다.. The quality of soldering determines the performance and service life of the final product, and a key factor affecting its quality is solder flux, although it is often ignored by those not intimately familiar with the soldering process. So what exactly does flux do? How should we use it? 이 기사에서, we will introduce this indispensable but unsung hero in detail. 계속 읽어보자.

What Is Solder Flux?

Solder flux is a chemical cleaning agent that is used to remove oxides on the surface of PCBs and electronic components, it can also clear away impurities that may affect the soldering effect. There are many benefits to using flux. 먼저, it can improve the moisture content of the solder. 두 번째로, it can prevent the re-oxidation of the metal during the welding process, thereby making the welding stronger.

Three Types of Solder Flux

Commonly used fluxes are mainly divided into the following three categories:

  1. Rosin flux

PCB 납땜, rosin flux is one of the earliest used. Its raw material is resin extracted from pine trees. Most of the ones currently used on the market are mixtures of rosin and various fluxes to improve performance. This flux is inert in the solid state. When it is heated, it melts and becomes acidic to achieve the effect of cleaning oxides. One of its disadvantages is that it will leave residue on the PCB surface, which needs to be removed as soon as possible after the soldering is completed.

  1. Organic flux

Organic flux is commonly referred to as water-soluble flux due to its primary characteristic: it is composed of organic acids (or other organic compounds) that are soluble in water. Compared with rosin flux, it has a stronger cleaning ability and can quickly remove oxides, 따라서, it is suitable for high-speed automatic welding processes. 하나, it is corrosive and the residue left behind may affect component performance or even short circuit if not properly cleaned.

  1. Inorganic flux

이름에서 알 수 있듯이, this type of flux is mainly made of some inorganic compounds such as borate, fluoride, chloride, 기타. It has powerful cleaning capabilities that promote strong solder bonding. 따라서, it is often used on stronger metals including brass, 구리, 스테인레스 스틸, 기타. Inorganic flux is more cost effective than other types of flux. 하나, it should be noted that it is extremely corrosive. 그래서, careful cleaning is required after use according to the manufacturer’s instructions.

특징 Rosin Flux Organic Flux Inorganic Flux
기본 재료 Resin from pine trees Organic acids (water-soluble) Inorganic compounds (예를 들어, borate, fluoride, chloride)
Cleaning Ability 보통의 Strong Very Strong
State at Room Temperature Solid, inert Varies Varies
Residue Leaves residue; requires cleaning Corrosive residue; needs thorough cleaning Highly corrosive residue; stringent cleaning needed
Typical Use General PCB soldering High-speed automatic welding Metals like brass, 구리, 스테인레스 스틸

How to Choose the Right Solder Flux?

How to Choose the Right Solder Flux

Choosing the right flux needs to consider several factors, 포함:

  • Cleaning requirements: Some types of solder flux will have residues after soldering, but some are not. And it’s a time-consuming process to remove them.
  • Flux Form: Flux comes in different forms, such as liquid, 풀, or a solid core within the solder wire itself.
  • Types of metal soldered: Different fluxes are suitable for different metals. 예를 들어, rosin-based flux is suitable for tin-lead solder.
  • Temperature range: According to the soldering temperature to choose the solder flux is also important. If the temperature is high, we should select then a stronger flux.
  • Soldering process: For SMT soldering, we should choose the no-clean flux or lightly active flux, which can minimize the cleaning process to improve efficiency. While THT assembly, because its components and solder joints are generally larger, may require the use of more active and cleaning flux to ensure the reliability of the solder joints.

추가 읽기: 스루홀 대. 표면 실장: 올바른 방법을 선택하는 방법

How to Use Solder Flux?

Below we list the steps for using flux:

  1. Use isopropyl alcohol and non-woven cloth to wipe the surface of PCB and components so as to remove dust and grime.
  2. Apply the solder flux evenly, heat the soldering iron tip, and put it on the metal contacts that are covered with flux.
  3. When the flux is vaporized, melt the soldering wire to make sure the solder bonds before oxidation can occur again.
  4. Remove the residues after soldering if needed by using solvent and brush.
  5. Check the soldering quality to avoid any problems like cold joints, 솔더 브릿지, and insufficient soldering.

추가 읽기: What is it and how to prevent it?

PCB soldering is a process that requires experience and professional knowledge. The type of solder selected and the soldering process are crucial. If you don’t have expertise in this, 제발 contact MOKO Technology a professional PCB assembly manufacturer for advice.

FAQs about Solder Flux

What is the difference between solder flux and solder paste?

The main purpose of using solder flux is to clean the surface of PCB and components for soldering. While for solder past, in addition to cleaning, it has another important function: providing the actual metal alloy that will form the solder joint once melted.

Is solder flux necessary?

Absolutely yes. Without solder flux, dust and oxides on the surface of the PCB will affect the firmness of the soldering. 결과적으로, many soldering issues may occur.

What is solder flux made of?

Depending on different types of solder flux, the solder flux materials are also various. As mentioned, rosin flux is generally made from rosin which is derived from pine sap. While for inorganic flux, the main material is inorganic compounds such as borate, fluoride, chloride, 등등.

이 게시물 공유
윌은 전자 부품에 능숙합니다., PCB 생산 공정 및 조립 기술, 생산 감독 및 품질 관리에 대한 광범위한 경험을 보유하고 있습니다.. 품질 확보를 전제로, Will은 고객에게 가장 효과적인 생산 솔루션을 제공합니다..
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